Every year increased the outflow of skilled workers, to leave the GDR. By 1989, the number of emigrants in Germany amounted to 350 thousand. Man. This led to a reduction in production volumes. In a number of cities in the country, especially in Leipzig, Dresden and Berlin, have been increasingly carried out protests demanding political reform, democracy and freedom. Trying to hold on to power, part of the GDR leadership began to seek a way out of the current situation on the roads of political maneuvering. However, the tension in the country does not fall down. Then another step was taken. October 18, 1989 plenum of the SED, Erich Honecker relieved of his duties as Secretary General. He was released and also as chairman of the GDR Council of State. But the new leadership is clearly not kept pace with the march of events, lost control over them.